Both major funders of Australian research have recently mandated that research outputs from projects they have funded are to be made freely available following an embargo period.
The National Health and Medical Research Council
The NHMRC Revised Policy on Dissemination of Research Findings came into effect on July 1, 2012.The revised policy states that the NHMRC requires that any publications arising from an NHMRC supported research project must be deposited into an open access institutional repository (e.g. ResearchDirect) within a twelve month period from the date of publication.
Australian Research Council
The ARC introduced a new open access policy for ARC funded research which takes effect from 1 January 2013. The new policy requires that any publications arising from an ARC supported research project must be deposited into an open access institutional repository (e.g. ResearchDirect) within a twelve (12) month period from the date of publication.
The ARC understands that some researchers may not be able to meet the new requirements initially because of current legal or contractual obligations. In these cases, Final Reports must provide reasons why publications derived from a Project, Award, or Fellowship have not been deposited in an open access institutional repository within the twelve month period. The policy will be incorporated into all new Funding Rules and Agreements released after 1 January 2013. It will not be applied retrospectively to pre-existing Funding Rules and Agreements.
Sherpa/Romeo provides information on journal archiving policies.
How Can I Share It contains information on publisher guidelines, and a tool that allows you to enter the DOI of an article and then advises where and how the article can be shared.