Research impact is measured in many ways for many reasons.
The research impact of institutions is measured to:
- Ensure funding bodies receive a good return on their investment Excellence for Research In Australia (ERA)
- Determine government funding levels e.g.Higher Education Research Data Collection (HERDC)
The impact of researchers is measured to determine employment/promotion/funding suitability/collaboration potential. It is measured in three main ways:
- Assessing the publication source (e.g. journal or book)
- Assessing the research (e.g. citation analysis)
- Assessing the researcher